De facto states research unit

Challenges to international order


Berg, E. and S. Kursani 2023. Back to the Future: Attempts to Buy, Swap, and Annex Territories in Contemporary Sovereignty Practices, Global Studies Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 1-12.

Kursani, S. 2023. Costs of International Recognition: Palestine’s and Kosovo’s Struggle with Negotiated Statehood. Forthcoming in Geopolitics.

Kursani, S. 2022. Beyond Putin’s Analogies: The Genocide Debate on Ukraine and the Balkan Analogy Worth Noting. Forthcoming in Journal of Genocide Research.

Mölder, M. and E. Berg 2023. Conflicts and Shifts in the Kremlin’s Political Discourse since the Start of the Putin Presidency (2000–2019). Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 75, No. 4, pp. 564-582.

Poghosyan, S. and E. Berg 2021. When There Is a State? The Politics of Recognition and Kosovo. Diplomacy and Statecraft, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 605-626.

Kursani, S. 2021. Reconsidering the Contested State in Post-1945 International Relations: An Ontological Approach, International Studies Review, Vol 23, No. 3, pp. 752-778.

Kursani, S. 2020. Contested States: The Struggle for Survival and Recognition in the Post-1945 International Order. Doctoral thesis. European University Institute, Florence.

Berg, E. and M. Mölder 2018. The Politics of Unpredictability? Acc/Secession of Crimea and the Blurring of International Norms, East European Politics, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 400-417.

Berg, E., M. Riegl and B. Doboš 2017. Introduction: Secession and Recognition in the Twenty-first Century, in M. Riegl and B. Doboš (ed.) Unrecognized States and Secession in the 21st Century. Springer International Publishing, pp. 1−7.

Kursani, S. 2017. Foreign Policy Coordination Vis-à-Vis the International Norm of Sovereignty: Macedonia’s and Montenegro’s Recognition of Kosovo. International Politics, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp. 729–44.

Pegg, S. 2017. Twenty Years of De Facto State Studies: Progress, Problems, and Prospects, in Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford University Press.

Berg, E. and M. Mölder 2014. When ‘Blurring’ Becomes the Norm and Secession Is Justified as the Exception. Revisiting EU and Russian Discourses in the Common Neighbourhood. Journal of International Relations and Development, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 469-488.

Berg, E. and E. Kuusk 2010. What Makes Sovereignty a Relative Concept? An Empirical Approach to International Society. Political Geography, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 40-49.

Berg, E. 2009. Re-examining Sovereignty Claims in Changing Territorialities: Reflections from ‘Kosovo Syndrome. Geopolitics, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 219-234.

Pegg, S. 2004. From De Facto States to States-Within-States: Progress, Problems, and Prospects, in P. Kingston and I. S. Spears, eds., States Within States: Incipient Political Entities in the Post-Cold War Era. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 35-46.

Pegg, S. 1999. The Non-Proliferation of States: A Reply to Pascal Boniface, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 139-147.

Pegg, S. 1998. International Society and the De Facto State. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, reissued by Routledge in 2019.