De facto states research unit

Agency, dependence and quest for survival

Yüksel, I. Y., and Berg, E. 2024. Welcomed Friend or Stranger Breaking in? Patron-Client Relations and Ontological (In)securities in Abkhazia. Problems of Post-Communism, 1–11.

Vits, K. 2024. From Nagorno-Karabakh to Taiwan: measuring patron-client relations of de facto states. Territory, Politics, Governance, 1–19.

Berg, E. and İ. Y. Yüksel 2023. Holding Back or Pushing Forward? Patron-Client Relations and Elite Navigations in Northern Cyprus, Ethnopolitics, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 550-567.

Berg, E. and K. Vits 2020. Exploring De Facto State Agency: Negotiation Power, International Engagement and Patronage, in G. Baldacchino and A. Wivel (eds) Handbook on the Politics of Small States. Edward Elgar Publishers, pp. 379-394.

Berg, E. and K. Vits 2018. Quest for Survival and Recognition: Insights into the Foreign Policy Endeavours of the Post-Soviet de facto States, Ethnopolitics, Vol. 17, No. 4, 390-407.

Pegg, S. 2018. Oil to Cash in Somaliland: A Debate Whose Time Has Come, Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 619-643.

Kamilova, S. and E. Berg 2012. How Can De Facto State Be Distinguished from the Puppet State? Analysis of Transnistrian-Russian Relations and Dependences, in A. Kasekamp (ed) The Estonian Foreign Policy Yearbook 2011. The Estonian Foreign Policy Institute, Tallinn, pp. 151-182.