Aim and research questions
One of the key drivers of productivity at firm level is internationalization and the potential related learning from abroad about new technologies. Despite the significant case study and macro level evidence, many econometric firm level studies have found little causal proof about learning by exporting at firm level (e.g. except de Loecker 2007, van Biesebroeck 2005) and mixed evidence about the spillovers from internationalization (Görg,Greenaway 2004). We investigate in detail the heterogeneous effects of various internationalization activities of firms, necessary conditions for the positive effects to emerge, the mechanisms how export products or markets related innovation by firms affect productivity and how the firm level export decisions are formed. We combine in analysis the international trade and international business research fields. Our extension of the existing literature (esp. in international business) is to significant extent based on usage of detailed firm and firm-product-destination level panel data of exports of Estonia’s firms, which are merged with other employer and employee level data.
The studies in this WP address the following key research questions:
- What are the key factors that affect firms’ decisions at export product or market level?
- What are the dominant patterns and determinants of nonlinear internationalization, compared to linear internationalization?
- How do firm level changes in export markets and product portfolios lead to higher productivity and performance?
- What are the consequences of changes in export markets and export product portfolios on firm survival?
- Does product level entry and exit process result in structural change in an industry?
Senior Research Fellow
School of Economics and Business Administration
University of Tartu
J. Liivi 4
Tel. +372 737 6336