WP 1. Components of Structural Change as the Factors of Productivity Growth in Catching Up Economies

Aim and research questions

WP1 deals with the identification of the effects of structural change on aggregate productivity in CEE catching up countries compared to the emerging markets of South East Asia, Latin America as well OECD countries. Economic development will obviously entail structural change. However, the term ‘structural change’ can have different connotation in different types of literature, often encompassing primarily reallocation of labour and resources across sectors (e.g. McMillan, Rodrik 2011). We show in WP1 the importance of a wider analysis of structural change: the role of within sector structural change could be better understood by identifying the skill or occupational upgrading as a driver of productivity growth.

WP1 contains following research questions:

  1. What is the relative importance of the between sector reallocation of resources and within sector effect in the aggregate productivity growth in CEE countries compared to the rest of the world? What is driving the differences of countries in the importance of these two components of growth? What is the role of FDI?
  2. How to identify skill upgrading effect as a structural change component from the intrasectoral/within effect of productivity growth?
  3. How different structural change components of productivity growth are related to institutional factors at macro level?
  4. How occupational, sectoral or spatial labour mobility affect productivity on firm and aggregate level?

Research team

Dr. Urmas VarblaneDr Jaan MassoUku Varblane

Urmas Varblane

Professor, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: urmas.varblane@ut.ee 

Research Themes:
Foreign direct investments, national innovation systems, knowledge transfer, cross cultural differences in international business

Biography: 
Urmas Varblane (1961) is the head of the chair of international entrepreneurship and innovation in the University of Tartu. His research interests include the role of foreign direct investments in the knowledge transfer in transition economies, innovation systems of small countries, economic convergence and structural change, cross cultural differences and internationalisation of firms.

He has published in journals International Journal of Manpower ,International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, Eastern European Economics  among others .See more at Estonian Research Information System

He has participated in various EU, Nordic and Estonian research projects. In the current project he is responsible for the overall coordination of the project and conducts research in the WP1 about the role of structural change in the productivity growth. 

 

Jaan Masso

Senior Research Fellow, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: jaan.masso@ut.ee

Research Themes:
Labour economics, exporting, innovation, science policy 

Biography:
Jaan Masso (1975) is a senior research fellow at the University of Tartu, Estonia. His main research areas are labour economics (labour demand, wages, labour market flows, labour market of scientists, firm demographics), foreign direct investments, innovations, science policy.

His publications include articles in Scientometrics, Journal of Comparative Economics, European Journal of Industrial Relations, Economics of Transition, Eastern European Economics, etc. See more at Estonian Research Information System

He has participated in various national and international research projects (EU, ILO, World Bank, OECD). In the current project he coordinates studies under WP1 and conducts research on the changes firms’ export markets and product portfolios, and the knowledge transfer through labour mobility based on micro-data from Estonia.

 

Uku Varblane

PhD Student, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: uku.varblane@ut.ee

Research Themes:
Firm performance, exporting and value chain analysis

Biography: 
Uku Varblane (1986)  is a PhD Student at the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration and Programme Manager-Analyst at the Centre for Applied Social Sciences at the University of Tartu. His research fields are related to firm performance and FDI. In particular, he is focusing on the linkages of value chain and firm performace.  

See publications at Estonian Research Information System

He has participated in numerous Estonian and EU level research projects (see et ETIS). In the current project he is participating in WP1 and WP2. 

 

Dr Tiiu PaasDr. Raul Eamets

Tiiu Paas

Professor, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: tiiu.paas@ut.ee

Research Themes: 
Regional disparities, economic growth and productivity, International labor mobility

Biography: 
Tiiu Paas (1949) is a professor of econometrics at the University of Tartu, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, in Estonia. She has also worked as the head of the Institute of Economics and Vice Dean of the Faculty.

Her recent research activities cover topics in regional disparities and development, international labour mobility and attitudes to immigration, labour productivity and structural change. She is the editor, co-editor, author and co-author of several books and articles. See more at Estonian Research Information System. In 2009 she received Estonian National Science Award in Social Science.

She has been involved in several international and national research projects and worked as an expert for evaluation of national and EU projects and study programs. In the current project  she is involved in analysing cross-country and regional disparities in sectoral structure and productivity and the role of diverse human capital in explaining these disparities (in general WP 1). 

 

Nataliia Ostapenko

Junior Research Fellow, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: nataliia.ostapenko@ut.ee

Research Themes: 

Economics, econometrics, economic theory, economic systems, economic policy  

Biography:

Nataliia Ostapenko (1988) is a Junior Research Fellow of Applied Econometrics, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu.

Her research interests include Institutions and economic growth; Informal institutions and entrepreneurship outcomes; Tax evasion and the informal economy.  

See: Estonian Research Information System.

 

Raul Eamets

Professor, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu, Estonia

Email: Raul.Eamets@ut.ee

Research Themes: 
Education and labor market, labor market mobility, wages and productivity, srtuctural changes in labour market

Biography: 
Raul Eamets (1964) is  the head of the chair of economics . Since 2014 he is a Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

In research R. Eamets focuses to labour market issues, but also in the area of general macroeconomic developments in Baltic countries. His main research areas are: education and labour markets, labour market flexibility and flexicurity, labour market flows, migration, wage gap, general issuses of  employment and unemployment in Baltic countries. All together he has about 150 academic publications. His publications include articles in European Journal of Industrial Relations, Energy Policy, International Journal of Manpower, Post-communist studies, Baltic Journal of Economics and Baltic Journal of Management among others. See more at Estonian Research Information System

All together he has been or he is in 30 international projects as Estonian partner or expert.

From 2004 to 2009 he was a member of the (Supervisory) Board of the Bank of Estonia. Since 2014 he is a head of Estonian Fiscal Council. He is also Director of PhD  School in Economics and Innovation Studies.

In the project he conducts research in the WP1 about the role of structural change in the productivity growth. 

 

Contact

Jaan Masso
Senior Research Fellow, Chair of Econometric Modelling
School of Economics and Business Administration

University of Tartu
J. Liivi 4
50409 Tartu
Estonia

Tel. +372 737 6395
jaan.masso@ut.ee